SHANGHAI (Reuters) – Huawei Applied sciences Co Ltd is progressively shifting manufacturing of chips designed in-house away from Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd (TSMC) and in direction of a mainland Chinese language agency in preparation for extra U.S. restrictions, sources accustomed to the matter stated.
FILE PHOTO: A cameraman data throughout Huawei stream product launch occasion in Barcelona, Spain February 24, 2020. REUTERS/Nacho Doce
The transfer in direction of Shanghai-based Semiconductor Manufacturing Worldwide Corp (SMIC) comes as Washington readies new guidelines which might require international corporations utilizing U.S. chipmaking gear to acquire a license earlier than supplying chips to Huawei – guidelines that will instantly have an effect on TSMC.
It additionally highlights how U.S. restrictions towards Huawei can act as an impetus for Chinese language corporations to speed up the event of homegrown expertise.
The U.S. authorities alleges Huawei, the world’s greatest maker of telecom community gear and a significant smartphone producer, is a nationwide safety threat as its gear could possibly be utilized by Beijing to spy, and has barred U.S. corporations from promoting to the Chinese language agency with no licence. Huawei has repeatedly denied its merchandise pose a safety menace.
Huawei’s chip unit, HiSilicon, started to direct a few of its engineers in direction of designing for SMIC fairly than TSMC in late 2019, stated one of many sources, who was not authorised to talk to the media and declined to be recognized.
“Earlier than, Huawei wished to work with prime notch producers, and SMIC was simply second-tier,” the particular person stated. “We at the moment are transferring sources to SMIC to hurry up our assist to them.”
A Huawei spokesman referred to as the shift “frequent trade observe” in a press release to Reuters. “Huawei considers rigorously points reminiscent of capability, expertise and supply when selecting semiconductor fabrication vegetation,” it stated.
TSMC, the world’s prime contract producer of semiconductors, stated it doesn’t touch upon particular person prospects. SMIC declined to remark.
It was not instantly clear how way more manufacturing is being outsourced to SMIC. Huawei has additionally stated it might take a look at South Korean corporations, different Taiwanese and mainland Chinese language corporations as various sources for chips.
Whereas SMIC is seen because the strongest mainland China various to TSMC, it stays effectively behind TSMC in its technological experience and U.S. authorities have already taken measures to forestall it from buying probably the most superior chip-making gear.
TSMC doesn’t reveal how a lot income every buyer supplies however analysts estimate that by late 2019 Huawei accounted for 13% to 15% of TSMC’s gross sales. Chip manufacturing that could possibly be shifted to SMIC doubtless solely accounts for 1 to three proportion factors of that, they stated.
“Proper now, there’s a nonetheless sizeable hole between TSMC and SMIC by way of expertise, stability, and reliability,” stated Gu Wenjun, senior analyst at Shanghai-based consultancy ICWise.
TSMC, for instance, is at present perfecting its 5 nanometre course of node expertise. SMIC just lately launched 14nm expertise in late 2019, which TSMC rolled out formally years earlier.
Consultants say HiSilicon’s newest Kirin processors, used solely in Huawei cellphones, can solely be made by TSMC in the meanwhile, though they add that earlier Kirin processors could possibly be outsourced to SMIC.
Different chips produced by HiSilicon, reminiscent of these for so-called IOT units, energy administration, or set-top packing containers, could possibly be despatched to SMIC, they stated.
Gaining extra enterprise from Huawei would additionally assist SMIC enhance its processes as Huawei would be capable to go on precious data gained in working with TSMC, the analysts added.
Reporting by Josh Horwitz; Extra reporting by Stephen Nellis; Enhancing by Jonathan Weber and Edwina Gibbs